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Art forging

Technological and artistic development of metal marked a big progress in the development of human civilization. No wonder the historical era known - the era of copper, bronze and iron. However, the chronological and spatial distribution of these metals were uneven, depending on environmental conditions and degree of development of nations.

In the first millennium BC. E. spaces present Ukraine (steppe) lived on the Scythian and Sarmatian tribes. In the artistic treatment of metal Scythian craftsmen achieved a great trick. Known original interpretation animalistychnoyi plastic (decorative plates, jewelry, tops) - the so-called animal style. A classic example of this style is the gold disc that vividly depicts a deer and beasts of prey found in the Kul-Oba near Kerch (IV century. Before AD.) Sarmatians to decorate weapons and household items made various ornaments made of copper, bronze and iron, often resorting to polychrome inlay colored glass and precious stones. Bracelets, earrings and pendants made of precious metals are enriched with inlays of garnet, ruby.

Brilliant artistic value endowed with gold and silver products made in the Greek Black Sea colonies. These primarily include the world famous vase decorated with engraved scene scenarios, gold pectoral from the stone tomb near Nikopol, and so on. Thus, the metal pieces that come with the territory of modern Ukraine, made at the turn of the ages, confirming the reduction of the backlog of Scythian, Sarmatian and other metaloobrobnykiv mastering technical and artistic means of expression compared with the master heirs of ancient civilizations. However, the difference in artistic metal levels have remained almost to the end and thousands can easily find compare decorative metal ancient Slavs with jewelry. Art metaloobrobnytstvo reached a high development in times of Kievan Rus. By social status metaloobrobnyky Kievan Rus were professional urban artisans or princely people who lived at the court. Study jewelery require not only a lot of time to master, but also related equipment and materials. In those days, when every piece of metal was on account metaloobrobnyky and more jewelers, craft belonged to the elite.

Along with local artists working and foreigners. Focusing on the unique metal products of the East, the ancient masters, along with techniques of assimilated forms, composition schemes and individual decor is quite natural for the Middle Ages. Wide bracelets with silver plates engraved and chopping, they depict scenes of interesting magic - harpers, dance girl warrior, ornamental motifs. XII unique pieces of art. a gilded silver bowl (Chernigov), made dyfuvannyam, decorated with embossing, engraving and chopping. Its rich ornamentation includes medallions and domestic battle scene, surrounded by floral patterns. A wicker octagonal star-filled figures of fantastic animals. Old Masters used the technique of bronze casting in stone, clay forms or wax model. These methods of producing large objects (bells, lights-horosy, vessels, Aquarius), the smaller things (curly golden mace), many fine products: coils, crosses, sketches encolpions, buttons, rings, etc. Ukrainian Art metaloobrobnytstvo XIV-XV centuries. developed and enriched the tradition of ancient. Worked blacksmiths, foundry, tinsmith, jewelers and others. But this period remained very little interest. First let us recall the oldest monumental work lyvarstva - call 1341r. from Lviv ST. George. It has a simple unpretentious form. His somewhat elongate housing surrounds band graphic inscription - the only decoration, which simultaneously shows: he made the call soon.

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